Unlawful race discrimination can occur in various areas including employment, housing, education, public services, and more. In addition to treating someone unfavorably because they are of a certain race or because of personal characteristics associated with race, it may also include discrimination based on color, or because the person is married to or associated with a person of a certain race or color.
Minnesota Race Discrimination Attorney
As a Minnesota-based attorney who practices in the areas of employment law and civil rights, I have a long-standing commitment to promoting equality and justice. Throughout my career, I've had the honor of representing people in a myriad of racial discrimination cases. I am deeply committed to fostering equality, justice, and fairness in the workplace and beyond.
What is unlawful race discrimination?
Race discrimination involves treating a person or a group of people unfavorably because of their race or because of personal characteristics associated with race (such as hair texture, skin color, or certain facial features). It can also involve treating people unfavorably because they are married to (or associated with) a person of a certain race or color, or because of a person's connection with a race-based organization or group.
Race discrimination can occur in various areas including:
Employment: Under both federal law (Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964) and many state laws such as the Minnesota Human Rights Act (MHRA), employers are prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race in any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, benefits, and any other term or condition of employment.
Housing: The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of dwellings, and in other housing-related transactions, based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status, and disability. This means landlords, sellers, and lenders cannot treat people differently because of their race.
Education: Educational institutions are prohibited from discriminating against students based on race under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Public Services and Accommodations: The Minnesota Human Rights Act (MHRA) and Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibit discrimination because of race, color, religion, or national origin in certain places of public accommodation, such as hotels, restaurants, and theaters.
How can one spot race discrimination?
Race discrimination can take many forms, including:
Disparate Treatment: This is intentional discrimination, where an individual of a certain race is treated less favorably than others.
Disparate Impact: This involves practices that may appear neutral but have a discriminatory effect on a certain race. Even if the intent is not to discriminate, if the effect or outcome is discriminatory, it could still be unlawful.
Racial Harassment: This involves unwelcome conduct such as racial slurs, offensive or derogatory remarks about a person's race or color, or the display of racially-offensive symbols, which is severe or pervasive enough to create a hostile or offensive work environment.